CBT combines cognitive and behavioural techniques. It focuses on current problems, rather than past issues, and aims to change the way clients think and behave to help them deal with their problems in a more positive way. It has been effective for stress-related ailments, phobias, obsessions, eating disorders and (in combination with drug treatment) major depression.
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) developed out of behaviour modification, cognitive therapy, and rational emotive behaviour therapy, and combines cognitive and behavioural techniques.
CBT is psychotherapy based on cognitions, assumptions, beliefs and behaviours, which aims to influence negative emotions relating to inaccurate appraisal of events. Therapeutic techniques vary to accommodate individual clients or issues but commonly include: keeping a diary of significant events and associated feelings, thoughts and behaviours; questioning and testing cognitions, assumptions, evaluations and beliefs that might be unhelpful and unrealistic; gradually facing activities which may have been avoided; trying out new ways of behaving and reacting. Relaxation and distraction techniques are also commonly used.
CBT is sometimes used with groups of people as well as individuals, and the techniques are often adapted for self-help manuals.
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