Stress Management

Stressed person

What is Stress?   Stress is a natural response to the demands of everyday life that we all experience.  While some stress is beneficial, too much can have an adverse effect on mental and physical health.  Left unchecked, stress can be a risk factor for many health problems such as heart disease, obesity, Alzheimer’s disease, … Read more


Phobia: Large spider

Phobia is an intense fear or aversion to a particular object or situation. Generally, the fear associated with phobias is out of proportion to the actual danger caused by the situation or object. The fear or aversion is typically persistent and lasts for more than six months. If you have a phobia, you might experience … Read more

Panic Attacks

panicked woman

Panic attacks are a terrifying experience where one experiences an intense surge of fear or anxiety that typically peaks within minutes but can feel unbearable. In these instances, the body behaves as though it is in actual peril, producing symptoms like a rapid heart rate, quick, shallow breathing, tingling sensations, trembling, dizziness, dissociation and more. … Read more

Social Anxiety

anxious man

Social anxiety is the intense fear of social situations and interacting with strangers. These social situations can include meeting new people, dating, being on a job interview, answering a question in class, or having to talk to a cashier in a store.  Some socially anxious people are labelled ‘shy’ or ‘sensitive’ as children because they don’t enjoy … Read more

Generalized Anxiety

Anxiety affects everyone as some point in their lives. You might worry about your relationships, money, health. Anxiety can be helpful when it helps us make decisions or perform when needed. Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a type of Anxiety that differs from everyday worries. GAD is present in an overwhelming amount for atleast 6 … Read more

Acute Trauma


Acute trauma refers to the difficulties experienced following a singular, overwhelming incident. Most people experience some traumatic event in their lifetime. It is important to note that not everyone experiences trauma the same way, and the level of trauma two individuals might experience from the same incident is also subjective.  Trauma symptoms may not  immediately … Read more



Addiction is the process of becoming dependent on a substance or behaviour to the point where it becomes very challenging for someone to limit or stop their use despite recognizing it as problematic. While some addictions cause a more harmful effect on physical health, relationships, and quality of life, all types of addiction impact the pleasure … Read more

Anger Management

man rubbing temples

Anger is one of our basic emotions. It is completely normal for us all to experience this emotion in daily life. When expressed in healthy ways, anger can help motivate us to solve problems, cope with stress, or communicate with others. However, when anger leads to aggressive outbursts or rage, it could be destructive to … Read more

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Autism Spectrum Disorder is neurodevelopment disorder that affect the social, emotional, and communicative skills of an individual. Mostly diagnosed at a young age, as early as two years old, ASD can have a profound effect on the child and their caregivers. Sometimes this condition isn’t  diagnosed until later in life, well into teens or adulthood, and … Read more



While occasional worry is an expected part of life, anxiety can result from your system being stuck on high alert and hypervigilance from the perception of threat. Even when the rational mind is aware that there is no danger, the emotional brain, which is evolutionarily older, behaves as though we are in constant peril. This … Read more

Birth Trauma


  Childbirth trauma can be triggered by many factors such as loss of control, loss of dignity, the hostile or difficult attitudes of the people around you, feelings of not being heard or the absence of information or informed consent to medical procedures. Sometimes the birth experience you invisioned doesn’t always go as planned. There … Read more

Birth Trauma

Childbirth trauma can be triggered by many factors such as loss of control, loss of dignity, the hostile or difficult attitudes of the people around you, feelings of not being heard or the absence of information or informed consent to medical procedures. Sometimes the birth experience you envisioned doesn’t always go as planned. There may be … Read more

Complex Trauma


Complex trauma often occurs when individuals have endured multiple or chronic traumatic stressors, such as in the case of prolonged physical or sexual abuse, neglect, or combat experience. It can also result from the cumulative stress of multiple traumatic experiences throughout one’s life. It differs from acute trauma, which only results from a single incident or … Read more

Chronic Pain


What is Chronic Pain? Chronic pain is any pain that lasts longer than 6 months and is not directly related to a muscular or skeletal injury; it can occur in any part of the body and range in severity from a constant dull ache to a disabling agony. In contrast, pain lasting 6 to 8 … Read more


lonely lady sitting by window

Depression is a constant feeling of sadness and disinterest that might make you think that you will never feel good again. It can make it incredibly difficult to find meaning and purpose to continue functioning on a daily basis. In these times it can be challenging to see a way out, which may lead to … Read more

Disordered Eating


Disordered Eating In our society and in various sources of mass media, there are many different messages about what is desired or acceptable – especially in terms of eating habits and body weight or image. For men and women alike, confusion and frustration are common when the messages received are not consistent or go against … Read more

Grief, Loss and Bereavement

Grieving woman

While loss is an inevitable part of life, the process of letting go and healing can be complicated and painful. Grief is a natural and important reaction to loss. Loss of any kind- be it a person, loss of health from a terminal illness, or simply put, the loss of ‘what used to be’. It … Read more



While counselling can be sought for a number of reasons that may or may not be related to one’s sexual identity, it is important that counsellors are competent in how issues in one’s life can be impacted by the various impacting aspects of one’s identity.  While we have come a long way, we still have … Read more

Mood Swings

mood swings

It is common for all of us to experience changes in our moods throughout each day. Depending on the internal and external circumstances in our lives at the time, these changes might be positive or negative, helpful or maladaptive. Sudden changes in our moods could actually be very valuable, as this might help us to … Read more

Motor Vehicle Accidents

ICBC Car Accident Counselling

The impacts of motor vehicle accidents (MVA’s) are often not limited to solely physical injuries. The time following an accident can feel very frightening, isolating, and overwhelming. Fortunately, psychotherapy can be very beneficial in processing and coping with the aftermath of an accident.  This does not only apply to vehicular collisions but also includes accidents … Read more

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder


We all have certain thoughts or ideas or even images that get “stuck in our minds” every now and again; in addition, we might engage in specific behaviours or actions in an effort to quell or get rid of such thoughts. An example could be when certain song lyrics continuously play in our minds until … Read more


Becoming a parent can be one of the biggest physiological and psychological changes in one’s life.  From the day you find out you are expecting, whether through pregnancy or adoption, to the day you finally get to hold the infant or child in your arms, a rollercoaster of emotions occurs. Some will be overwhelmed with … Read more

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)


PTSD (Post-traumatic Stress Disorder) is a mental health problem that can result from experiencing or witnessing a life-threatening event such as sexual assault, combat, car accidents, or natural disasters. After such events it is a natural reaction to have upsetting memories, feel on edge, have difficulties sleeping, or participate in daily activities like going to … Read more

Self Compassion


Self compassion refers to offering support, kindness, and acceptance to ourselves, especially at distressing or otherwise difficult times. Responding to personal failures with genuine warmth and care rather than reacting in cold and bitter ways characterize self compassion. In our society, we often find it easier to express compassion toward other people and might even … Read more

Suicidal Ideation


***If you or someone you know has threatened or is at risk for suicidal behaviours/attempts, please call 1-800-SUICIDE for immediate assistance OR visit your local emergency room. *** For some people, living with a mental or physical health condition, experiencing a tragic loss of a person, job, or end of relationship, or any other source … Read more

Women’s Issues

Certain aspects of biological, environmental, and social challenges may put women at a higher risk of developing mental health concerns. Research has shown however that many of these challenges may in part be due to gender stereotypes and assumptions rather than structural or physiological differences. There’s no doubt though that women’s bodies and the way … Read more